# Mathematics

**Through mathematics, children learn to understand their world in terms of numbers and shapes. They learn to reason, connect ideas and to think logically.**

**Aims and objectives**

At Forestdale Primary school, we teach for mastery. Mastering maths means pupils acquire a deep, long-term, secure and adaptable understanding of the subject. Achieving mastery means acquiring a solid enough understanding of the maths that’s been taught to enable pupils to move on to more advanced material.

Our aim as a school is to ensure our children:

- develop a confident attitude towards mathematics leading to an interest in and enjoyment of the subject, and inspire children to appreciate mathematics of many cultures
- develop awareness of mathematics in the world and beyond the classroom and in everyday life
- develop an ability to think clearly, reason logically and to use existing knowledge to some problems
- develop the use of mathematical vocabulary and to express ideas clearly and with confidence
- develop an understanding of mathematics through investigation, enquiry, experimentation and personal discovery
- develop mathematical skills, build concepts and encourage the memorising of basic facts
- develop an ability to persist at a task, work accurately and record in their own way and a variety of formats
- rehearse and sharpen skills during oral and mental calculation sessions
- Develop an appreciation of mathematical patterns and relationships (numerical and spatial)
- develop feelings of wonder, curiosity and increasing awareness of the aesthetic qualities of mathematics (shape, form, symmetry)

# Key Principles

# Early Mathematics

Mathematics in Reception classes involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces and measure. This is achieved through a variety of concrete resources and pictorial representations.

# Times Tables

A priority at our school is to improve the fluency and recall of times tables.

Your children will be set weekly times tables to practise online and they will also be tested in class using Times Tables Rock Stars. Tests will be timed as well as given a score.

__Certificates __

Each week we will analyse the homework test scores across the school. The child with the highest score, fastest time and most improved time will be rewarded with a certificate of achievement in Monday’s assembly.

__Stampers __

Teachers will also give two stampers to the children in their class with the most correct answers, fastest rock speed and to the most improved.

Please click here to link to the Times Tables Rock Stars app, which can also be found in apps on our website.# Key Instant Recall Facts (KIRFs)

Part of our aim for the children at Forestdale is for them to memorise and recall basic facts. One way that this is encouraged in class is to have a specific focus within each year group for each half term. This focus is then taught and rehearsed through the mental starters and main lessons throughout the week.

# Number Stars

Number star is aimed at all pupils from Reception through to the end of Key Stage 2. The aims of the number stars are:

- To increase pupil motivation to learning number bonds, times tables, measure facts and the relationships between fractions, decimals and percentages;
- To develop mental agility;
- To monitor the progression of learning in the identified areas of maths.

There are 18 progressive tests and the objectives tested in each number star are outlined below. Every child will sit their number star test at the end of each half term – this will be a timed test where the children will be expected to achieve full marks in order to move on the next number star.

**JADE**

- Read and order numbers to 10
- Count to 20

**CORAL**

- Read and order numbers to 20
- Count to 100
- Addition of number up to 10

**GARNET**

- Addition of numbers up to 20
- Recognition that addition can be done in any order
- Count in twos

**AMBER**

- Addition and subtraction bonds of 10
- 1 and 10 more / less than a two-digit number
- Count in tens

**OPAL**

- Addition and subtraction bonds of 20
- Partition numbers within 10
- Count in fives

**PEARL**

- Doubles and halves of numbers to double 10
- Be able to bridge through ten
- Times table and division facts for 2x table

**RUBY**

- Addition and subtraction facts within 10
- Pairs of multiples of 10 that total 100
- Times table and division facts for 10x table

**TOPAZ**

- Addition and subtraction facts within 20
- Pairs of multiples of 10 that total 100
- Doubles and halves of numbers to double 20
- Times table and division facts for 5x table

**AQUAMARINE**

- Consolidate knowledge of the equals sign using facts from 2, 5 and 10 times table
- Doubles and halves of numbers to double 50

**EMERALD**

- Addition and subtraction bonds of 100 using pairs of multiples of 5 and 10 totalling 100
- Addition and subtraction bonds of 1000 using pairs of multiples of 100
- Consolidate knowledge of the equals sign using addition and subtraction up to 50

**TURQUOISE**

- Multiplication and division facts for 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 times tables
- Convert between familiar units of measure

**AMETHYST**

- Multiplication and division facts for 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 times tables
- Multiplication facts for 6 and 8 times tables
- Convert between familiar units of measure

**MOONSTONE**

- Multiplication and division facts for 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10 times tables
- Convert between familiar units of measure
- Understand remainders

**ONYX**

- Multiplication and division facts up to 10 x 10
- Multiply any number by 10 or 100
- Convert between familiar units of measure
- Understand remainders

**SAPPHIRE**

- Multiplication and division facts up to 10 x 10
- Multiply any number by 10, 100 or 1000
- Convert between familiar units of measure
- Understand remainders
- Recognise the equivalence between fractions, decimals and percentages
- Find fractions and percentages of whole numbers

**QUARTZ**

- Multiplication and division facts up to 10 x 10
- Multiply any number by 10, 100 or 1000
- Know facts about length, mass, capacity and time and use them to calculate
- Recognise the equivalence between fractions, decimals and percentages
- Write as a decimal: - 1/10 (one tenth); 1/5 (one fifth); half; a quarter
- Find fractions and percentages of whole numbers
- Understand the use of brackets
- Solve worded problems mentally

**PERIDOT**

- Multiplication and division facts up to 10 x 10 and use them to calculate larger numbers
- Add and subtract
- Multiply and divide decimal numbers
- Order decimal numbers and covert them to a fraction and vice versa
- Find the highest common factor of a given set of numbers
- Understand the use of brackets
- Know how to find a number to the power of…

**DIAMOND**

- Add, subtract and multiply fractions
- Order fractions and decimal numbers
- Relate fractions and find differences between fractions and decimals
- Know how to find the square root and cube root of a number
- Add, subtract, multiply and divide positive and negative numbers
- Find percentages of percentages
- Solve algebraic equations

# Calculations

Please see below for an idea of what your children will be taught within each year group. We hope you find this overview and the examples useful in supporting your children’s learning at home.

**Addition**

**Key Vocabulary: sum, total, parts and wholes, plus, add, together, more, ‘is equal to’, ‘is the same as’**

**Subtraction**

**Key Vocabulary: take away, less than, difference, subtract, minus, fewer, decrease**

**Multiplication**

**Key Vocabulary: double, times, multiplied by, the product of, groups of, lots of, equal groups**

**Division**

**Key Vocabulary: share, group, divide, divided by, half**

# Information and Further Support

On a termly basis, parents are strongly encouraged to attend our Working Together mornings. These morning sessions provide parents with information and guidance on what their child is learning in class and the strategies they can use in order to help them at home. Parents are invited into the classrooms to work with their child, with the support and guidance of the class teacher.

All children receive quality first maths teaching on a daily basis and activities are differentiated accordingly. In addition, where identified pupils are considered to require targeted support to enable them to work towards age appropriate objectives, intervention programmes will be implemented. Please click here for further details and advice on who and how to make contact with the school regarding any concerns or needs of your child.